The Social Security Administration (SSA) is responsible for the assigning of Social Security numbers, a process called enumeration. SSA issues a Social Security card (original and any later replacement) to each individual assigned a Social Security number. Most new numbers result from a process called enumeration at birth which allows parents to apply for a Social Security number for a newborn child while in the hospital in conjunction with their State’s Bureau of Vital Records. Other new numbers are the result of applications made in person at SSA local offices or from a process known as enumeration at entry which allows qualified immigrants to apply for a Social Security number as part of their entry into the United States. The quality of SSA’s enumeration process is monitored by reviewing a sample of completed enumeration (new number) actions. Accuracy rates based on these reviews are produced by dividing the projected number of correctly assigned Social Security numbers by the total projected sample population.
This dataset provides data at the national level from federal fiscal year 2006 onwards for the accuracy of the assignment of Social Security numbers (SSN) based on an end-of-line sample review of transactions that result in the release of SSN cards from one of the following processes. Social Security Field Offices or Card Centers – the public visits the field office or card center to request an original SSN in person; Enumeration at Birth process – an automated process that works in conjunction with the state’s Bureau of Vital Statistics to assign SSNs to newborns, or Enumeration at Entry process – an automated process that works in conjunction with the Departments of State and Homeland Security that assigns SSNs to qualified immigrants. SSA provides the data by fiscal year for each of the three processes, and the agency’s total. The data includes the number of sample cases, the projected universe for each process, the number of errors, the number of errors projected to the universe for each process, the accuracy rates for each process, and the agency’s total.